Selective inhibition of IDO1, D-1-methyl-tryptophan (D-1MT), effectively increased EpCAM/CD3-bispecific BiTE antibody MT110 efficacy against IDO1hibreast cancerviaenhancing immune cells activity
MuS110 and MT110 are BiTE antibodies bispecific for CD3 and EpCAM, which is the most frequently and highly expressed tumor-associated antigen on breast cancer. And pronounced expression of IDO1 has also been reported in breast cancer. Our study aimed to investigate whether IDO1 inhibitor D-1MT combing with MuS110/MT110 had synergistic antitumor effects on IDO expressing EpCAM-positive breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Data suggested that the expression of IDO1 on Epcam-positive breast cancer 4T1 and MCF-7 decreased MuS110/MT110 antitumor efficacy by the suppression of T cells activation in vitro. Combining D-1MT with MT110 in IDO+MCF-7 cells, or with MuS110 in IDO+4T1 cells, significantly improved the antitumor efficacy of BiTE antibodies via increasing T cell cytotoxicity and contributing to cytokines releasing. In vivo assay, combination of D-1MT with MT110 in NOD/SCID mice bearing IDOhi MCF-7 xenografts or MuS110 in immune competent BALB/c mice bearing IDOhi 4T1 xenografts suggested the similar synergistic effect. Together, IDO inhibition could reverse the suppression of T cells due to IDO expressing on breast cancer, and improve the antitumor efficacy of EpCAM/CD3-bispecific BiTE antibody.