Management of a Rare Case With Severe Hydrofluoric Acid Burns: Important Roles of Neutralizers and Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

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Abstract

Hydrofluoric acid (HF), a dangerous inorganic acid, is widely used in various industries and in daily life. Chemical burns caused by HF exposure occur more frequently in some regions worldwide. It has been reported that some cases with HF burns can be lethal due to the hypertoxicity of HF. In this article, we present a case of a 24-year-old worker who suffered HF burns by 53% HF solution to his face, neck, and nasal cavity. This patient quickly developed electrolyte disturbance, that is, hypocalcemia, and hypopotassemia, and myocardial injury after exposure. Multiple measures had been taken to treat this patient, including fluid resuscitation, electrolyte replacement, timely wound treatment with neutralizers, and respiratory tract care. Moreover, continuous renal replacement therapy was also employed to remove fluoride in the circulatory system and rectify the electrolyte disturbance and acid-base imbalance. The patient smoothly pulled though and survived. High fluoride levels in the dialysate solution were confirmed, indicating that continuous renal replacement therapy is an effective and potentially lifesaving treatment for acute HF poisoning.

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