Vertical Skin Paddle Orientation for the Latissimus Dorsi Flap in Breast Reconstruction: A Modification to Simultaneously Correct Inferior Pole Constriction and Improve Projection

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Abstract

Summary:

The latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap is a reliable and frequently used option to bring vascularized skin and soft tissue to improve the stability and aesthetic result in breast reconstruction. Standard techniques with skin paddle inset in a horizontal or oblique fashion preferentially improve anterior projection (when inset at the mastectomy scar) or lower pole and inframammary fold constriction (when inset into the inframammary fold). Here, the authors describe a modification for inset of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap that improves both anterior projection and lower pole/inframammary fold constriction, and also allows the latissimus muscle to fan out and provide complete implant coverage. The vertical inset modification brings new skin and soft tissue into both the inferior pole and the central mastectomy scar, allowing simultaneous improvement in both areas and full use of the latissimus muscle to cover the implant or expander.

CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Therapeutic, IV.

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