Catheter Ablation of Idiopathic Left Posterior Fascicular Ventricular Tachycardia: Predicting the Site of Origin via Mapping and Electrocardiography

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Abstract

Background:

We report the 12-lead ECG morphology of left posterior fascicular ventricular tachycardia (LPF-VT) and the relationship between His-ventricular (HV) interval and site of origin in LPF-VT.

Methods and Results:

We studied 41 patients who underwent successful catheter ablation of LPF-VT with HV interval >0 ms (n=8; proximal-LPF group), HV interval 0 to −15 ms (n=15; middle-LPF group), and HV interval <–15 ms (n=18; distal-LPF group). The earliest mapped presystolic potential (PP)-QRS interval was 34.1±4.2, 24.5±3.2, and 19.4±2.8 ms in proximal-, middle-, and distal-LPF groups. The earliest PP ratio (PP-QRS interval during VT/HV interval during sinus rhythm) was 0.59±0.05, 0.45±0.07, and 0.31±0.05 in the proximal-, middle-, and distal-LPF groups. There were statistically significant differences between the 3 groups in earliest PP ratio, and there was close correlation between the HV interval during LPF-VT and earliest PP ratio. The QRS duration in the proximal-LPF group (114±6 ms) was significantly narrower compared with the middle-LPF group (128±5 ms) and distal-LPF group (140±6 ms). In leads I and V6, the ratio of R/S tended to be greater in the proximal-LPF group compared with the other 2 groups. QRS duration, the ratio of R/S in leads V6, and lead I could predict a proximal or distal origin site of LPF-VT with high sensitivity and specificity.

Conclusion:

The HV interval and 12-lead ECG morphology of LPF-VT may help predict the successful site of origin and prove useful in guiding an effective ablation strategy.

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