Sealing of Corneal Lacerations Using Photoactivated Rose Bengal Dye and Amniotic Membrane

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Abstract

Purpose:

Watertight closure of perforating corneoscleral lacerations is necessary to prevent epithelial ingrowth, infection, and potential loss of the eye. Complex lacerations can be difficult to treat, and repair with sutures alone is often inadequate. In this study, we evaluated a potentially sutureless technology for sealing complex corneal and scleral lacerations that bonds the amniotic membrane (AM) to the wound using only green light and rose bengal dye.

Methods:

The AM was impregnated with rose bengal and then sealed over lacerations using green light to bond the AM to the deepithelialized corneal surface. This process was compared with suture repair of 3 laceration configurations in New Zealand White rabbits in 3 arms of the study. A fourth study arm assessed the side effect profile including viability of cells in the iris, damage to the blood–retinal barrier, retinal photoreceptors, retinal pigment epithelium, and choriocapillaris in Dutch Belted rabbits.

Results:

Analyses of the first 3 arms revealed a clinically insignificant increase in polymorphonuclear inflammation. In the fourth arm, iris cells appeared unaffected and no evidence of breakdown of the blood–retinal barrier was detected. The retina from green light laser-treated eyes showed normal retinal pigment epithelium, intact outer segments, and normal outer nuclear layer thickness.

Conclusions:

The results of these studies established that a light-activated method to cross-link AM to the cornea can be used for sealing complex penetrating wounds in the cornea and sclera with minimal inflammation or secondary effects.

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