Bupivacaine as an Adjunct to Lidocaine in Mohs Micrographic Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

In Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), the standard local anesthetic agent used is lignocaine with adrenaline. However, MMS can be prolonged; thus reinjections of local anesthetics are often required.

OBJECTIVE

Is 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine a useful adjunctive treatment when compared with the use of 1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in MMS for the nose?

METHODS

Participants undergoing MMS received 2.5 mL of 1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine before commencement of Stage 1. At the end of Stage 1, participants were randomized sequentially to either 2.5 mL 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine (Group A) or 2.5 mL of 1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (Group B). Effectiveness of anesthesia was assessed using 30 G needle to 5 points of the wound before further stage or repair.

RESULTS

Fifty-one patients were randomized, 26 to Group A, and 25 to Group B. No differences between the 2 groups in size of defect and time lapse between time of injection and time of testing were observed. Seven of 25 were tested positive in Group B. Zero of 26 tested positive in Group A (p = .003, 95% confidence interval: 10%–46%).

CONCLUSION

Adjunctive use of 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine is effective in prolonging anesthesia in MMS.

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