Congenital Cytomegalovirus: A European Expert Consensus Statement on Diagnosis and Management

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Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) is the most common congenital infection in the developed world. Reported prevalence varies between cohorts but is approximately 7 per 1000 births.1 About half of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-infected babies with clinically detectable disease at birth are destined to have significant impairments in their development, and cCMV infection is implicated in approximately 25% of all children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).1,2 Meta-analysis shows that although long-term sequelae, especially SNHL, are more common in those with clinically detectable disease at birth, they are also found in 13% of those without clinical features attributable to CMV on initial examination.
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