Case Not Closed: Prescription Errors 12 Years after Computerized Physician Order Entry Implementation

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Abstract

Objective

To assess the prolonged impact of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) on medication prescription errors in pediatric intensive care patients.

Study design

This observational study was conducted at a pediatric intensive care unit in which a CPOE (Metavision, iMDsoft, Israel) with a limited clinical decision support system was implemented between 2004 and 2007. Since then, no changes were made to the systems. We analyzed 2500 electronic prescriptions (1250 prescriptions from 2015 and 1250 prescriptions from 2016). Prescription errors were identified by a pediatric intensive care physician and classified as potential adverse drug events, medication prescription errors, or rule violations. Their prevalence was compared with the rate in 2007, reported in a previous study from the same unit. A randomly selected 10% of the prescriptions were also analyzed by the pediatric intensive care unit pharmacist, and the level of agreement was determined.

Results

The rate of prescription errors increased from 1.4% in 2007 to 3.2% in 2015 (P = .03). Following revision of the clinical decision support system tools, prescription errors decreased to 1% in 2016 (P < .0001). The potential adverse drug event rate dropped from 2% in 2015 to 0.7% in 2016 (P = .006), and the medication prescription error rate, from 1% to 0.2% (P = .01). The agreement between the 2 reviewers was excellent (k = 0.96).

Conclusions

The rate of prescription errors may increase with time from implementation of a CPOE. Repeated surveillance of prescription errors is highly advised to plan strategies to reduce them. This approach should be considered in quality improvement of computerized information systems in general.

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