This study aimed to investigate the influence of polymorphisms in chemokine genes, including MCP1, CCR2, and CCR5 with psoriasis vulgaris (PV) risk in a Chinese population.
The genotyping of studied polymorphisms through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequencing was conducted in 142 PV patients and 147 healthy controls. The genotype distribution of the polymorphisms in the control group was checked to determine whether it conformed to Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium (HWE). The genotype and allele frequencies were compared between PV patients and the healthy controls using Chi-square test. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was calculated to assess the relative risk of PV related to genetic variants.
CCR2 rs1799864 polymorphism was associated with significantly elevated risk of PV (AA+AG vs GG: OR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.02–2.59; A vs G: OR = 1.48, 95% CI = 1.02–2.16). In the meanwhile, CCR5 rs1800024 polymorphism also exhibited significant differences in genotype and allele distribution (P < .05), demonstrating its promoting effect on the risk of PV under heterozygous model (OR = 1.73, 95% CI = 1.06–2.82), dominance model (OR = 1.83, 95% CI = 1.14–2.94), and allele model (OR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.13–2.48).
CCR2 rs1799864 and CCR5 rs1800024 polymorphisms may function as independent risk factors for PV in Chinese population.