Concurrent one-stage total knee and hip arthroplasty due to sequel of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis: A case report

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Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic connective tissue disease. Total hip and knee arthroplasties are common major orthopaedic procedures worldwide.

Patient concerns:

To date, no studies have presented 1-stage concurrent total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We reported a case which is, to our knowledge, the first description of both THA and TKA in a patient with RA simultaneously.


History of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA), deterioration of signs and symptoms in history and physical examinations and radiography were lead to making decision for her surgery.


Concurrent total hip replacement and total knee arthroplasty were performed for patient.


After more than a 2-year follow-up time, the patient showed excellent clinical function and remained satisfied with the surgical outcome. Multiple simultaneous total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is reviewed in this article.


Joint arthroplasty surgeries can be performed in a simultaneous procedure to shorten disability and rehabilitation time with one anesthesia.

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