Clavicle fracture associated with atlantoaxial rotatory displacement, type II in an 8-year-old girl: A case report

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Abstract

Rationale:

Fracture of the clavicle is a very common injury in children. However, association between clavicle fracture and atlantoaxial rotatory displacement is rarely observed.

Patient concerns:

We present a case of an 8-year-old girl, who suffered a right clavicle fracture as a result of a sledge accident. Six weeks after figure of 8 casting for a right clavicle fracture, an 8-year-old girl was brought to the Pediatric Orthopedic Department due to torticollis.

Diagnoses:

Standard X-ray examination revealed nonunion of the clavicle without any clinical symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) examination was performed and subluxation of cervical vertebrae 1/cervical vertebrae 2 was detected.

Interventions:

The use of Glisson's traction followed by a soft cervical collar resulted in the resolution of all the symptoms. Control CT and magnetic resonance imaging confirmed reduction.

Outcomes:

The patient fully recovered and currently is fully active. The neurological status of the child before and after procedure remained normal.

Lessons:

Clavicle fracture rarely may be associated with atlantoaxial rotatory displacement. Therefore, careful examination including rotation of the neck is necessary to confirm that associations. Moreover, three-dimensional CT scan enables proper spine examination and provides correct diagnosis. As shown in available literature and as well in presented case report, none operative treatment is usually effective.

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