Stable Isotope Kinetic Study of ApoM (Apolipoprotein M)

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Abstract

Objective—

ApoM (apolipoprotein M) binds primarily to high-density lipoprotein before to be exchanged with apoB (apolipoprotein B)–containing lipoproteins. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor–mediated clearance of apoB-containing particles could influence plasma apoM kinetics and decrease its antiatherogenic properties. In humans, we aimed to describe the interaction of apoM kinetics with other components of lipid metabolism to better define its potential benefit on atherosclerosis.

Approach and Results—

Fourteen male subjects received a primed infusion of 2H3-leucine for 14 hours, and analyses were performed by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry from the hourly plasma samples. Fractional catabolic rates and production rates within lipoproteins were calculated using compartmental models. ApoM was found not only in high-density lipoprotein (59%) and LDL (4%) but also in a non–lipoprotein-related compartment (37%). The apoM distribution was heterogeneous within LDL and non–lipoprotein-related compartments according to plasma triglycerides (r=0.86; P<0.001). The relationships between sphingosine-1-phosphate and apoM were confirmed in all compartments (r range, 0.55–0.89; P<0.05). ApoM fractional catabolic rates and production rates were 0.16±0.07 pool/d and 0.14±0.06 mg/kg per day in high-density lipoprotein and 0.56±0.10 pool/d and 0.03±0.01 mg/kg per day in LDL, respectively. Fractional catabolic rates of LDL-apoM and LDL-apoB100 were correlated (r=0.55; P=0.042). Significant correlations were found between triglycerides and production rates of LDL-apoM (r=0.73; P<0.004).

Conclusions—

In humans, LDL kinetics play a key role in apoM turnover. Plasma triglycerides act on both apoM and sphingosine-1-phosphate distributions between lipoproteins. These results confirmed that apoM could be bound to high-density lipoprotein after secretion and then quickly exchanged with a non–lipoprotein-related compartment and to LDL to be slowly catabolized.

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