RELIABILITY OF CONFOCAL WHITE-LIGHT FUNDUS IMAGING FOR MEASUREMENT OF RETINA PIGMENT EPITHELIAL ATROPHY IN AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION

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Abstract

Purpose:

To assess the reproducibility of confocal white-light color fundus photography (C-CFP) for the measurement of retinal pigment epithelial atrophy in comparison with confocal blue-light fundus autofluorescence (FAF) imaging and flash color fundus photography (F-CFP).

Methods:

In this prospective study, eyes with age-related macular degeneration associated with evidence of retinal pigment epithelial atrophy were imaged by C-CFP, F-CFP, and FAF. Intergrader reproducibility of each modality was assessed by comparison of manual measurements by two expert graders.

Results:

The mean areas of atrophy measured by the 2 graders were 6.67 ± 6.39, 6.35 ± 6.13, and 6.07 ± 5.48 mm2 for FAF, C-CFP, and F-CFP, respectively. The mean differences between the 2 graders in measuring the atrophic areas were 0.52, 0.69, and 1.62 mm2 for the three modalities. The intraclass correlation coefficient between the 2 graders for each modality was 0.998, 0.990, and 0.961, respectively.

Conclusion:

Measurements of atrophy from C-CFP were similar to those obtained by FAF and F-CFP. The grading reproducibility for C-CFP, however, was better than that for F-CFP and approached the level of FAF imaging. The use of C-CFP as a tool for quantitatively monitoring atrophic age-related macular degeneration lesions warrants further study, particularly in the context of clinical trials.

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