Harwood, L., Wilson, B., & Goodman, M. (2017). Cannulation outcomes of the arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis: A scoping review.
The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the recommended access for most people requiring hemodialysis. Success or failure of cannulation of the AVF greatly impacts the patient's experience. Research suggests that skill development in this area is needed. This scoping review was conducted to review current research on cannulation of the AVF to find strategies to improve successful cannulation. Results of this scoping review (n = 36) demonstrated that most studies can be categorized under the technique of cannulation, and concerns and preferences with the AVF as a consequence of cannulation. There are large gaps in the literature, with interventions to improve cannulation and a need to understand more about cannulation from both patient and nurse perspectives.