Validation of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being-Expanded (FACIT-Sp-Ex) Across English and Spanish-Speaking Hispanics/Latinos: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sociocultural Ancillary Study

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Abstract

The validity of the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-Being (FACIT-Sp) has been examined in primarily non-Hispanics/Latinos with chronic illness. This study assessed the psychometric properties of the nonillness, expanded FACIT-Sp (FACIT-Sp-Ex) in 5,163 U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. Measures were interviewer-administered in English or Spanish. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated 4 factors: meaning, peace, faith, and relational. The scale demonstrated measurement invariance across English and Spanish. Subscales displayed adequate internal and test–retest reliability. Scores were positively associated with Duke Religion Index (DUREL; Koenig, Parkerson, & Meador, 1997) subscales. When all subscales were entered in a single model, meaning and peace were inversely associated with depressive symptoms and positively associated with physical health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Faith was positively associated with depressive symptoms and inversely associated with HRQOL. Relational was not associated with any outcome. FACIT-Sp-Ex subscales were generally more strongly associated than DUREL subscales with well-being. The FACIT-Sp-Ex appears to be a valid measure of spiritual well-being in U.S. Hispanics/Latinos.

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