Dietitians have extensive training and are considered the experts in medical nutrition therapy (MNT). Although dietitian competencies for MNT are well established, competencies that account for the expanded roles of dietitians working in transplantation have not been developed. These expanded roles require a better understanding of transplant processes, regulations, and even the business side of transplant, novel concepts to most dietitians. Therefore, we proposed a standardized framework of transplant-specific competencies for dietitians practicing in transplantation. These competencies can help improve and standardize initial and ongoing training for transplant dietitians moving forward, ultimately leading to improved patient care for transplant candidates, recipients, and donors.