Paraneoplastic Lambert–Eaton Myasthenic Syndrome With Limbic Encephalitis: Clinical Correlation With the Coexistence of Anti-VGCC and Anti-GABAB Receptor Antibodies

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Abstract

Objective:

To characterize Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome and limbic encephalitis with coexistent voltage-gated calcium channel (VGCC) antibody and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) B receptor antibody.

Methods:

Case study.

Results:

A 57-year-old man presented with 6 months of weakness, unsteadiness, and vision difficulties. Examination revealed proximal weakness and diminished reflexes. Electrodiagnostic study revealed low-amplitude motor potentials and facilitation on high-frequency stimulation. Laboratory evaluation identified P/Q-type VGCC antibody. Positron emission tomography identified a mediastinal lesion, confirmed as small-cell lung carcinoma. The patient developed confusion and seizures. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis identified antibodies to GABAB receptor.

Conclusions:

This case describes a patient with Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome, limbic encephalitis, and autoantibodies to VGCC and GABAB receptor. Atypical presentation of paraneoplastic neurological syndromes could indicate the presence of a second antibody that may have significant impact on therapy.

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