Procedural Training and Assessment for Pediatric Emergency Medicine Physicians Within the United States and Canada: A Survey Study

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The aims of this study were to determine current practices in procedural training and skill assessment for attending physicians working in pediatric emergency departments within the United States and Canada and identify barriers to providing training and assessment.


This was a cross-sectional survey study. Members of the pediatric emergency medicine fellowship program directors and associate program directors Listserv were invited to participate in an anonymous survey about attending physician training and assessment practices for 9 specific procedures and barriers to training and assessment.


Eighty-two (56.2%) of 146 recipients responded, with 79 surveys fully completed; 58.5% of responders report that their division offers procedural training, whereas 14.6% report assessment of procedural skills. The most common procedure for which participants report training and assessment is orotracheal intubation (53.1% and 7.5%, respectively), with training rates for other procedures ranging from 2.5% to 43.0%. Most sites that report training use simulation in some form for education. For assessment, simulation is used almost exclusively. Cost (50.6%), lack of faculty interest (36.7%), and lack of standardized guidelines (36.7%) are the most common barriers to training. Lack of standardized guidelines (51.9%), cost (43.0%), and lack of faculty interest (38.0%) are the most common barriers for assessment.


Although pediatric emergency medicine physicians may be required to perform emergent procedures, opportunities to receive training and assessment in these procedures are limited. Simulation and other educational modalities are being used to provide skill training and assessment, but cost and lack of resources, standardized protocols, and faculty interest are barriers to the implementation of training and assessment programs.

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