Hepatic Venous Outflow Stenosis After Auxiliary Left Hemiliver Transplantation Diagnosed by Ultrasonic Shear Wave Elastography Combined With Doppler Ultrasonography

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Abstract

Hepatic vein stenosis after liver transplantation is a relatively rare complication that could even result in graft loss. However, it is difficult to arrive at a definite diagnosis at the early stage of postoperation, and there are few researches on ultrasonic shear wave elastography in the diagnosis of hepatic vein stenosis. We report the case of an 11-year-old male patient with cirrhosis due to hepatolenticular degeneration who received an auxiliary left hemiliver graft from his uncle. Massive ascites developed in 4 days after the operation. Stenosis was suspected at the site of anastomosis by Doppler ultrasonography when elevating the velocity of the left hepatic vein. Meanwhile, increased stiffness of the graft was revealed by ultrasonic shear wave elastography. The stenosis was confirmed by subsequent digital subtraction angiography. Ascites decreased gradually after the stent implantation. Our case indicates that ultrasonic shear wave elastography combined with Doppler ultrasonography is a promising method for noninvasive diagnosis of hepatic venous outflow stenosis following liver transplantation.

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