Review of the association between retinal microvascular characteristics and eye disease

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Computerized retinal imaging technologies enable the static and dynamic measurement of a range of retinal microvascular parameters. Large population-based studies have reported associations between these microvascular indices and various ophthalmic diseases including diabetes, age-related macular degeneration, retinal artery embolism, retinal vein occlusion, glaucoma and non-glaucomatous optic neuropathies. Increasingly, sophisticated imaging and analysis techniques have the potential to provide relevant clinical information regarding disease risk and progression; however, further studies are required to verify associations and strengthen the predictive power of these techniques. We summarize the current state of knowledge regarding retinal microvascular characteristics and eye disease.

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