Gene Expression Signature-Based Prediction of Lymph Node Metastasis in Patients With Endometrioid Endometrial Cancer

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Abstract

Objective

This study aimed to develop a prediction model for lymph node metastasis using a gene expression signature in patients with endometrioid-type endometrial cancer.

Methods

Newly diagnosed endometrioid-type endometrial cancer cases in which the patients had undergone lymphadenectomy during a surgical staging procedure were identified from a national dataset (N = 330). Clinical and pathologic data were extracted from patient medical records, and gene expression datasets of their tumors were used to create a 12-gene predictive model for lymph node metastasis. We used principal components analysis on a training set (n = 110) to develop multivariate logistic models to predict low-risk patients having a probability of lymph node metastasis of less than 4%. The model with the highest prediction performance was selected for an evaluation set (n = 112), which, in turn, was validated in an independent validation set (n = 108).

Results

The model applied to the evaluation set showed 100% sensitivity (90% confidence interval [CI], 74%–100%) and 42% specificity (90% CI, 34%–51%), which resulted in 100% negative predictive value (90% CI, 89%–100%). In the validation set, we confirmed that the model consistently showed 100% sensitivity (90% CI, 88%–100%), 42% specificity (90% CI, 32%–50%), and 100% negative predictive value (90% CI, 88%–100%).

Conclusions

Our 12-gene signature model is a useful tool for the identification of patients with endometrioid-type endometrial cancer at low risk of lymph node metastasis, particularly given that it can be used to analyze histologic tissue before surgery and used to tailor surgical options.

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