Endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary adenomas is being performed more frequently worldwide in the recent years. This first bibliometric analysis was conducted aiming to have a microscopic view of research activities about endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary adenomas. The original articles about endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary adenomas were extracted from the Web of Science (WoS) and analyzed concerning their distributions. We also explored the potential correlations between publications of different countries and their gross domestic product (GDP) via Pearson correlation test. The total number of original articles retrieved from WoS was 307 from 1997 to 2017. The number of original articles published in the last decade has increased by 530.95% compared with that published in the former decade. The United States has published 124 articles (40.391%), followed by Italy with 40 (13.029%) and Japan with 27 articles (8.795%). The journal that published the highest number of original articles was Journal of Neurosurgery with 31 (10.098%), followed by Neurosurgery (n = 23, 7.492%), World Neurosurgery (n = 23, 7.492%), and Neurosurgical Focus (n = 15, 4.886%). There was a strong correlation between publication numbers and GDP of different countries (r2 = 0.889, P < 0.001). There is a skyrocket trend of endoscopic endonasal surgery for pituitary adenomas during the last 2 decades, and countries with high GDP tend to make more contributions to this field.