A case report: Is mexiletine usage effective in the shortening of QTC interval and improving the T-wave alternans in Timothy syndrome?

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Abstract

Timothy syndrome (TS) is a multisystemic disease that occurs because of a mutation in CACN1C gene and is characterized by prolonged QT interval. Mexiletine is a Class 1B antiarrhythmic drug that causes the disappearance of T-wave alternans by shortening QTc and peak-to-end of the T wave. It may block the development of torsades de pointes in a prolonged QT. This study presented the case of a patient diagnosed with TS and had a cardiac arrest history, prolonged QT, and T-wave alternans. After mexiletine treatment, the QTc interval shortened and T-wave alternans disappeared. Such a case has rarely been seen in the literature, and hence considered rare. This case presentation was of particular importance because it highlighted the use of mexiletine besides an initial beta-blocker treatment in the cases with TS.

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