Clinical Outcomes and Intraocular Pressure Control After Scleral-glued Intraocular Lens Insertion in Eyes With Pseudoexfoliation

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Abstract

Purpose:

To analyze clinical outcomes and intraocular pressure control following scleral-glued intraocular lens (IOL) fixation in eyes with pseudoexfoliation (PXF).

Methods:

A retrospective chart review and outcome analysis was performed on a series of eyes undergoing glue-assisted, scleral-fixated (scleral-glued) IOL insertion in the setting of PXF and poor or absent capsular support.

Results:

In total, 28 eyes were included in the study. The indications for scleral-glued IOL fixation included late endocapsular IOL dislocation (21/28, 75%), exchange for iris-fixated IOL due to complication (4/28, 14%), subluxed crystalline lens (2/28, 7%), and aphakia after complicated cataract surgery (1/28, 4%). In total, 15/28 (54%) eyes had diagnosed preexisting glaucoma at the time of scleral-glued surgery. The most common postoperative complication was ocular hypertension requiring escalation of medical management, which occurred in 8/28 (29%) eyes. At final follow-up, corrected distance visual acuity was equivalent to or improved from preoperative measurements in 25/28 (89%) eyes.

Conclusions:

The scleral-glued surgery is a good option for fixating an IOL in eyes with PXF and poor zonular integrity or absent capsular support. Special attention should be placed on intraocular pressure control following surgery, which can be less predictable in PXF eyes with or without preexisting glaucoma.

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