Vascular anatomy of the jejunal mesentery and complications associated with division of the first jejunal venous trunk during pancreaticoduodenectomy.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Little is known about the anatomy of the jejunal veins (JVs) flowing into the superior mesenteric vein (SMV), and whether they can be safely divided during pancreaticoduodenectomy.

METHODS

Computed tomography was used to review the jejunal branches off the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and into the SMV in 123 consecutive patients. The common trunk of the JVs (jejunal venous trunk, JVT) was classified as ventral or dorsal to the SMA.

RESULTS

The first JVT involved multiple JVs in 108 (87.8%) cases. The first JVT diameter (≥7 or <7 mm) was significantly associated with the number of JVs (≥4 or <4; P < 0.05). Surgical outcomes were not significantly different between cases in which the first JVT was sacrificed (n = 32) or preserved (n = 91), except for operation time and portal venous resection frequency. One of the 32 cases (3.1%) with first JVT sacrifice showed severe congestion of the jejunal limb requiring emergency jejunal resection.

CONCLUSIONS

The size and topology of the first JVT are associated with the number of JVs involved. This is important for understanding the resectional area of the mesojejunum and the pathogenesis of jejunal congestion.

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