Sporadic Fundic Gland Polyps and Gastric Acid Suppression Level☆

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Abstract

Background:

Fundic gland polyps (FGPs) are a common endoscopic finding and are known to be associated with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) use. It is not known if their prevalence is affected by gastric acidity levels. This study aimed to assess whether there is a correlation between FGPs and gastric acidity levels as identified on 24-hour ambulatory impedance-pH studies in patients on PPI therapy.

Methods:

We performed a review of 402 consecutive patients who take at least once daily PPI and underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy with combined impedance-pH studies in the same setting (time and place) between January 2010 and December 2014. Patients were classified into 2 groups based on the presence or absence of biopsy-confirmed FGPs during endoscopy.

Results:

Of the 402 patients, 30 (7%) had FGPs. One of these polyps was found with low-grade dysplasia. There was no significant difference of the distributions of the [H+] in the FGPs versus the nonpolyp groups (P = 0.741). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups regarding PPI dose frequency regimens (once and twice) (P = 0.074). However, we found weak ordinal association with PPI duration (P = 0.01) (Spearman = 0.1).

Conclusions:

FGPs are common endoscopic lesions. Incidence of dysplasia in FGPs is not only rare, but also of unknown clinical significance. Although they seem to be associated with PPIs, the mechanism remains unclear, as we found no correlation between the presence of FGPs and gastric acid control or PPI dose. Future studies would be useful to elucidate an alternate mechanism.

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