In Vitro Evaluation of Adhesion of Two Acanthamoeba Strains to Cosmetic Contact Lenses

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Abstract

Purpose:

To evaluate the factors affecting the adhesion of Acanthamoeba trophozoites to the surface of cosmetic contact lenses (CCLs).

Methods:

Acanthamoeba castellanii and A. hatchetti trophozoites were inoculated onto CCLs (hema copolymer [HM] [38.5% H2O], phemfilcon [PF] [55% H2O], polymacon [PM] [38% H2O], polyhema [PH] [%42 H2O], and hema [HM55] [55% H2O]), and the number of trophozoites adhered to the lens surfaces was assessed over time, that is, at 15 min, 1, and 24 hr. In addition, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis of the lens surfaces was performed to evaluate the effect of lens surface topology on adhesion.

Results:

The number of amoeba adhered to the contact lens surface was found lower with PF and PH production materials, than lenses with HM, PM, and HM55 production materials (P<0.05). No significant difference was detected in amoebic strains adhered in all the contact lens types (P>0.05). No significant difference was found on average amoeba adhesion between contact lenses with hema production material but with different water contents (45%, 55%), to see the effect of water content on amoebic adhesion (P>0.05). As a result of SEM analysis, surface topology showed no effect on adhesion.

Conclusion:

(1) Chemical composition of lenses seemed to be mostly responsible for the adhesion of Acanthamoeba. (2) Different numbers of trophozoites, obtained after the adhesion experiment, could also indicate that adherence capacity can also differ among Acanthamoeba species.

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