Learning Needs of Hospitalized Patients With Heart Failure in Singapore: A Descriptive Correlational Study

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Abstract

Background:

Understanding the learning needs of patients with heart failure (HF) is important in reducing the incidence of HF-related hospital readmissions. Sociocultural differences are known to influence patient learning needs. However, most HF learning needs studies have been conducted on Western populations.

Purpose:

The aim of this study was to investigate the learning needs of hospitalized patients with HF in Singapore.

Methods:

A cross-sectional, descriptive correlational design was adopted using a questionnaire survey that included the Heart Failure Learning Needs Inventory and sociodemographic and clinical datasheets. A convenience sample of 97 patients with HF was recruited from an acute hospital in Singapore.

Results:

Findings revealed that education topics relating to signs and symptoms, risk factors, general HF information, and medications were perceived by participants as the most important. Contrastingly, education topics relating to diet, activity, and psychological factors were poorly valued. The only significant demographic factor that was correlated to the patients’ learning needs was monthly household income, which correlated to education on HF risk factors and general HF information.

Conclusions:

This study supports the necessity of carefully prioritizing patient education topics in line with patient learning needs. Furthermore, education should be culturally sensitive and take into account the unique values, needs, and situations of patients.

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