The Effect of Aromatherapy on Sleep Quality of Elderly People Residing in a Nursing Home

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Abstract

Background:

Sleep is important for health and quality of life in the elderly, and sleep disturbances are reported to be associated with many of the adverse medical conditions.

Purpose:

This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of inhalation of lavender oil on sleep quality of nursing home residents.

Methods:

A questionnaire was used to evaluate sociodemographic characteristics and sleeping properties of the 30 volunteers, enrolled. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was applied as a pre- and posttest to measure sleep quality of individuals who inhaled lavender oil drops on the pillows every evening for a week before sleeping.

Results:

Before and after aromatherapy, the mean Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score of the nursing home residents was

Results:

JOURNAL/honup/04.02/00004650-201801000-00003/math_3MM1/v/2017-11-28T102633Z/r/image-png

Results:

= 6.0 ± 5.1 and

Results:

JOURNAL/honup/04.02/00004650-201801000-00003/math_3MM2/v/2017-11-28T102633Z/r/image-png

Results:

= 2.6 ± 3.4, respectively, whereas statistically significant difference was not observed for independent variables. Cronbach α reliability coefficient of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scale was found to be 0.816.

Conclusions/Implications for Practice:

The results indicated an improvement of sleep quality of nursing home residents after the application of aromatherapy with lavender oil.

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