Multicenter Evaluation of a New Electrochemiluminescence Immunoassay for Everolimus Concentrations in Whole Blood

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Abstract

Background:

The precise monitoring of everolimus, an immunosuppressant drug, is vital for transplant recipients due to its narrow therapeutic range. This study evaluated the analytical performance of a new electrochemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) for everolimus concentrations in whole blood.

Methods:

Accuracy, imprecision, and sensitivity studies for the Roche Elecsys everolimus ECLIA were performed at 5 European laboratories. The ECLIA was compared with liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) methods, as well as the Quantitative Microsphere System everolimus assay.

Results:

Everolimus ECLIA accuracies were within the range 100% ± 9%. Coefficients of variation (CVs) across the target range were ≤4.8% for repeatability and ≤8.4% for intermediate imprecision, whereas multisite reproducibility at lower (2.71 mcg/L) and higher everolimus concentrations (3.0–30.0 mcg/L) resulted in CVs of ≤13.7% and ≤12.4%, respectively. The CV at the assay's lower limit of quantification without considering bias was excellent, estimated as ≤9.3% at 0.5 mcg/L. The weighted Deming regression analysis, used for comparison of the results obtained by everolimus ECLIA and by LC-MS/MS methods, yielded a slope of 1.21 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15–1.26], intercept of 0.478 mcg/L (95% CI: 0.241–0.716), and a Pearson correlation coefficient (r) of 0.91. A single-site comparison between the ECLIA and the Quantitative Microsphere System assay revealed a slope of 1.05 (95% CI: 0.917–1.17), intercept of 1.03 mcg/L (95% CI: 0.351–1.70), and r of 0.91.

Conclusions:

Based on these results, the Roche Elecsys everolimus ECLIA can be considered suitable for routine therapeutic drug monitoring. A positive bias was observed with respect to LC-MS/MS methods, suggesting that it may be necessary to rebaseline individual patients when switching from LC-MS/MS to the ECLIA; however, this must also be considered for any change of method for everolimus measurement.

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