New Grading System for Limbal Dermoid: A Retrospective Analysis of 261 Cases Over a 10-Year Period

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To establish a new scoring system for limbal dermoid, in order to unify the diagnostic criteria and assess the prognosis.


A retrospective study was conducted on 261 patients with limbal dermoid. The basic information, clinical features, and pathology of dermoids were recorded, and the prognosis at 1 year after keratoplasty was assessed at follow-up. A new visual scoring system was created for the area of corneal involvement, the area of conjunctival involvement, and the surface shape.


There were 154 females and 107 males with mean age of 4 ± 3 years at surgery. After scoring, 59% (136) of patients were classified as grade I, 26% (60) as grade II, and 14% (33) as grade III. The pathological results were 124 dermoid cases, 76 lipodermoid, 5 complex choristoma, and 10 epibulbar osseous choristoma. Moreover, patients with lower clinical scores presented a better prognosis; the mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) best-corrected visual acuity in grade I patients was 0.38 ± 0.05, which was better than the grade II value of 0.61 ± 0.09 (P < 0.05) and the grade III value of 0.94 ± 0.11 (P < 0.001).


New grading systems for limbal dermoid were useful for clinical diagnosis and may have prognostic value in predicting visual acuity. A lower-grade dermoid exhibited better vision postoperatively.

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