Characteristics of the Nursing Practice Environment Associated With Lower Unit-Level RN Turnover

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study is to examine characteristics of the nursing practice environment associated with lower RN turnover.

BACKGROUND

Identifying characteristics of the practice environment that contribute to lower RN turnover is important for meeting the national quality strategy priority of reducing healthcare costs.

METHODS

Data from 1002 adult care units in 162 National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators participating hospitals were analyzed using multivariate linear regression. The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index was used to measure practice environment characteristics. RN turnover was measured at the unit level.

RESULTS

Nursing units with higher overall ratings of the nursing practice environment had lower rates of RN turnover. Units with higher RN perceived staffing and resource adequacy experienced significantly lower RN turnover.

CONCLUSIONS

Unit managers and hospital administrators should consider RN perception of staffing and resource adequacy and the overall practice environment when developing targeted strategies for decreasing RN turnover.

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