A randomized trial of bifurcation stenting technique in chronic total occlusions percutaneous coronary intervention

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Abstract

Background

The optimal strategy to treat bifurcation lesions (BFLs) in a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for chronic total occlusions (CTOs) remains unknown.

Aims

We sought to assess whether T-provisional or mini-crush is appropriate for BFLs within CTO vessels.

Patients and methods

From January 2011 to December 2013, patients who underwent successful CTO guidewire crossing and with a BFL within the CTO target vessel were enrolled prospectively and assigned randomly to either T-provisional stenting or the mini-crush technique for BFL treatment. One-year clinical follow-up was performed. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were defined as the composite of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, and stroke.

Results

The prevalence of BFLs was 54.3%. A total of 146 patients with BFLs within CTO vessel were enrolled prospectively and assigned randomly to either T-provisional stenting (N=73) or the mini-crush technique (N=73). Angiographic and clinical success rates were similar in the two groups: 91.8 versus 97.2% (P=0.27) and 91.8 versus 94.5% (P=0.67), respectively.

Results

Although T-provisional stenting was associated with a nonsignificantly lower incidence of MACCE in case of BFLs located far from the CTO (9.3 vs. 22.2%; P=0.426), the mini-crush technique resulted in higher MACCE-free survival at 1 year in the presence of BFLs within the CTO body or close to the proximal or the distal cap (89.1 vs. 64.9%; P=0.007).

Conclusion

The mini-crush technique appeared to be associated with improved 1-year clinical and angiographic outcomes, particularly when used to treat BFLs located within the CTO body or close to the proximal or the distal cap.

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