Targeting Cardiovascular Implant Infection: Multimodality and Molecular Imaging

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Owing to their success in clinical practice, the prevalence of cardiovascular implants is continuously increasing. Implant infection is a relevant complication but remains a diagnostic challenge because echocardiography as a first-line test may be limited. Accordingly, a multimodality approach is increasingly used for diagnostic workup and supported by recent guidelines. As reviewed here, computed tomography and nuclear imaging provide incremental diagnostic value and may be combined in a single hybrid imaging session using positron emission tomography/computed tomography or single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography. Molecular or cellular imaging helps to overcome the limitations of morphological imaging in implants. Larger-scale clinical studies, earlier application in the time course of diagnosis, monitoring of therapy success, technical advances, and novel radiopharmaceuticals will all contribute to sustained growth of advanced infection-targeted imaging in cardiovascular medicine.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles