The Impact of Work Ability on Work Motivation and Health: A Longitudinal Study Based on Older Employees

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Abstract

Objective:

Work participation is determined by work motivation and work ability with health as a significant component. Within the lidA-study, we explore the impact of work ability on work motivation and health with consideration of further influencing factors.

Methods:

Four thousand one hundred nine older employees were interviewed two times (t0 = 2011, t1 = 2014). Two multivariate analyses were performed regarding the influence of work ability on work motivation (Model 1) and health (Model 2).

Results:

Within the multivariate analysis, of all the influencing factors, work ability has the strongest effect on work motivation (F = 37.761) and health (F = 76.402). It appears as a decisive determinant for both dimensions.

Conclusion:

Regarding the results, it is useful to focus on the work ability of older employees in order to maintain and boost their work motivation and health.

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