Effect of ultrafiltration on placental-fetal blood flow in pregnancy of woman undergoing chronic hemodialysis.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Patient who was undergoing hemodialysis (HD) thrice weekly usually gain 1 to 4 kg of weight in interdialytic period, mainly due to fluid accumulation by ingestion of water. Ultrafiltration (UF) during HD will be need to remove fluid excess to avoid severe medical complications secondary to fluid overload. However, in pregnant woman UF can increase the episodes of intradialytic hypotension which may lead to placental ischemic injury and predispose to fetal distress. There is little information about safe fluid amount withdrawn by UF during pregnancy.

METHODS

We prospectively study by obstetric Doppler ultrasonography the fluxometric parameters: pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI) of fetal middle cerebral, uterine, and umbilical artery obtained at the beginning and the end of HD session, the acute and chronic effect of UF on placenta and fetus blood flow, as well as the fetal outcome in 1 pregnant woman on chronic HD.

FINDINGS

We did not observe any acute harmful effect on fetal middle cerebral, placental and umbilical artery blood flow when UF rate of 2.1 ± 0.04 L (6 < 8 mL/h/kg) during HD session, no significant statistical difference was observed when compared PI and RI before and after UF and also when we compared these data with reference value on normal pregnancy to the same gestational age.

DISCUSSION

UF rate of 6 < 8 mL/h/kg during HD did not bring any acute harmful effect on fetal middle cerebral, placental, and umbilical blood flow and the UF rate of 1.4 6 0.4 L (< 6 mL/h/kg) / HD session that was done in all others HD during pregnancy was safe, without any chronic fetal deleterious effect. Obstetric Doppler ultrasonography is a simple and noninvasive method to fetal follow-up and can aid to determine safe UF rate in pregnant women during gestation.

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