hnRNP A1 acts as a critical splicing factor in regulating many alternative splicing events in various physiological and pathophysiological progressions. hnRNP A1 is capable of regulating UVB-induced hdm2 gene alternative splicing according to our previous study. However, the biological function and underlying molecular mechanism of hnRNP A1 in cell survival and cell cycle in response to UVB irradiation are still unclear. In this study, silencing hnRNP A1 expression by siRNA transfection led to decreased cell survival after UVB treatment, while promoting hnRNP A1 by lentiviruse vector resulted in increased cell survival. hnRNP A1 remarkably enhanced PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway by increasing phosphorylation of Akt, mTOR and P70S6 protein. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt signaling by LY294002 suppressed the expression of hnRNP A1. While mTOR signaling inhibitors, rapamycin and AZD8055, did not influence hnRNP A1 expression in HaCaT cells, suggesting that hnRNP A1 may be an upstream mediator of mTOR signaling. Furthermore, hnRNP A1 could alleviate UVB-provoked cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase and promoted cell cycle progression at G2/M phase. Our results indicate that hnRNP A1 promotes cell survival and cell cycle progression following UVB radiation.