Efficiency of resveratrol-loaded sericin nanoparticles: Promising bionanocarriers for drug delivery
Sericin protein nanoparticles are a biocompatible, bio-viable class of nanocarriers gaining prominence in drug delivery system. This research aimed to investigate the suitability fabrication of silk protein (SP) nanoparticles for loading with resveratrol (RSV) via a solventless precipitation technique. The addition of 0.5% (w/v) pluronic surfactant proved optimal for SP nanoparticle fabrication, with obtained nanoparticles being spherical, mono-dispersed and having mean size of approximately 200–400 nm. All exhibited negative surface charges, the extent of which being dependent on the SP concentration, and were non-toxic to normal skin fibroblasts (CRL-2522). Loading of RSV, a promising which poorly soluble multi-targeted anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory natural polyphenol, into SP nanoparticles proved feasible, with encapsulation levels of 71–75% for 0.6% and 1.0% (w/v) nanoparticle formulations, respectively. Resveratrol-loaded SP nanoparticles strongly inhibited growth of colorectal adenocarcinoma (Caco-2) cells although proved non-cytotoxic to skin fibroblasts, as indicated by cell viability assays. Cellular internalization of SP nanoparticles proved facile and dependent on incubation time; transfection of these carriers, in vitro results indicating sustained release of RSV (over 72 h), and drug solubility enhancements on encapsulation highlight their potential in therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications. Thus, SP nanoparticles is a promising approach to be potential bio-nanocarrier for drug delivery system.