Comparative evaluation of GPR versus APRI and FIB-4 in predicting different levels of liver fibrosis of chronic hepatitis B

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Abstract

Summary

It is of great significance to develop and evaluate noninvasive indexes predicting the level of liver fibrosis. The aim of this study was to comparatively evaluate gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) versus aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on 4 factors (FIB-4) in predicting different levels of liver fibrosis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) within the framework of HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients. A total of 1157 HBeAg-positive and 859 HBeAg-negative CHB patients were enrolled, among whom the pathological stage ≥S2, ≥S3, ≥S4 were defined as significant fibrosis, extensive fibrosis and cirrhosis, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the performance of GPR, APRI and FIB-4 in predicting different levels of liver fibrosis. In HBeAg-positive patients, the area under ROC curves (AUROCs) of GPR in predicting extensive fibrosis and cirrhosis were both significantly larger than those of APRI (P = .0001 and P < .0001). In HBeAg-negative patients, the AUROCs of GPR in predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were significantly larger than those of FIB-4 (P = .0006 and P = .0041). The AUROC of GPR in predicting extensive fibrosis was significantly larger than that of APRI and FIB-4 (P = .0320 and P = .0018). Using a cut-off of GPR > 0.500 as standard, the sensitivities and specificities of GPR in predicting significant fibrosis in HBeAg-positive patients were 59.6% and 81.2%, and for cirrhosis 80.9% and 63.8%, respectively; and those of HBeAg-negative patients were 60.3% and 78.3%, 84.5% and 66.1%, respectively. Regardless of HBeAg-positive or HBeAg-negative status, GPR had the best performance in predicting different levels of liver fibrosis.

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