Ablative Therapies for Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer
The vast majority of patients who present with pancreatic adenocarcinoma have locally advanced or metastatic disease at the time of presentation without possibility of cure. Although in recent years there have been some new promising chemotherapy regimens that improve overall survival by a few months, the prognosis remains dismal. There is, however, a subset of patients who experience durable stable disease or partial responses after initial courses of chemotherapy with locally advanced disease. In these select patients, there remains interest in local ablative therapy with or without resection as a means for local control, palliation of symptoms, and possible improved survival. This review describes the techniques, complications, and expected benefits of several ablative techniques as a treatment modality for locally advanced pancreatic cancer.