An 8-generation family with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth: Confirmation Of the pathogenicity Of a 3' untranslated region mutation in GJB1 and its clinical features.

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Mutations in gap junction protein beta 1 (GJB1) on the X chromosome represent one of the most common causes of hereditary neuropathy. We assessed manifestations associated with a rare 3' untranslated region mutation (UTR) of GJB1 in a large family with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX).

METHODS

Clinical, electrophysiological, and molecular genetic analyses were performed on an 8-generation family with CMTX.

RESULTS

There were 22 affected males and 19 symptomatic females, including an 83-year-old woman followed for 40 years. Electrophysiological studies showed a primarily axonal neuropathy. The c.*15C>T mutation in the GJB1 3' UTR was identified in 4 branches of the family with a log of odds (LOD) of 4.91. This created a BstE II enzyme recognition site that enabled detection by restriction digestion.

DISCUSSION

The c.*15C>T mutation in the GJB1 3' UTR segregates with CMTX1 in 8 generations. Penetrance in males and females is essentially complete. A straightforward genetic method to detect this mutation is described. Muscle Nerve 57: 859-862, 2018.

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