Impact of Anxiety on the Satisfaction of Dental Implant Patients.

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Abstract

PURPOSE

To study the influence of anxiety on dental implant patient satisfaction, and to explore if hemoglobin levels and the amount of body fat affected patient satisfaction.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

One hundred three partially edentulous patients (mean age 42.06 years) who had received dental implant therapy were enrolled in the study. Self-administered questionnaires were given to those patients to evaluate their level of satisfaction with implant treatment. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-reported questionnaire was used to determine anxiety levels. Hemoglobin levels (HB) were measured using an electronic hemoglobin meter, and body fat (BF) was measured using a special diagnostic scale. Statistical analysis was conducted using T-test to assess any significant differences between the groups. Pearson Correlation was used to measure the correlation between variables.

RESULTS

Overall satisfaction for all patients was high (86.7%) for both STAI-trait and STAI -state anxiety groups. Highly significant differences in patient satisfaction were found between high and low STAI-state anxiety groups (p < 0.01). Patients with low STAI-state anxiety levels demonstrated significant negative correlations of many parts of patient satisfaction with HB levels and STAI-state scores. While for patients in the low STAI-trait anxiety group, the negative correlation was just with HB levels. For the patients with high STAI-state anxiety levels, a highly significant positive correlation was observed between many elements of patient satisfaction and BF and patient age.

CONCLUSION

The results of this study indicated that patient satisfaction with dental implant treatment was high in all patients. STAI-state anxiety had a greater impact on patient satisfaction than did trait anxiety. HB levels negatively affected patient satisfaction in patients with low STAI-trait and STAI-state anxiety levels. BF positively affected patient satisfaction in patients with high STAI-state anxiety levels.

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