A Rare Complication After Septoplasty: Visual Loss Due to Right Retinal Artery Spasm

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Abstract

Septoplasty is a commonly used procedure for correcting septal cartilage deformities. Hemorrhage, abscesses, scaling, adhesions, and scar tissue are often seen after the operation of the septoplasty, but temporary or permanent visual loss due to local anesthetic use has been reported very rarely in the literature. The authors also aimed to present a female patient with retinal artery spasm in the right eye after septoplasty in this article. A 27-year-old female patient was admitted to the authors’ clinic with long-standing nasal obstruction and postnasal drip. There was no feature in her history and also no sign other than nasal septal deviation on physical examination. The patient was informed about the operation and the operation was planned. Emergency eye consultation was requested after the patient said that the right eye of the patient had never seen in the postoperative wake-up hall. Examination by an ophthalmologist; mild exotropia and total loss of vision in the right eye (including loss of light reflex) was detected. The light reaction in the affected eye was negative and indirect reaction was positive. After enlargement of the pupil, fundus examination revealed that the right posterior pole region (inside of the macula and vessel arches) was pale and no central retinal artery pulsation was observed. The patient was diagnosed with central retinal artery occlusion and emergency intervention was performed. The right eye massage, paracentesis, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy returned to the patient's visual function.

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