Genotype-phenotype Correlation of β-Thalassemia in Croatian Patients: A Specific HBB Gene Mutations

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Abstract

An analysis of genotype-phenotype correlation was performed for 14 patients with beta-thalassemia who had been registered in Referral Centre for hematology and oncology of the University Hospital Centre, Zagreb, Croatia. HBB gene mutations were determined using a gene-specific Q5 High-Fidelity PCR analysis with direct DNA sequencing of amplified transcripts. Mahidol score index used for classification of thalassemia severity was found to be low for all the patients enrolled in the study, indicating a mild β-thalassemia phenotype with no signs of disease progression. Most of the patients have already described gene mutations: IVS-II-666 C>T (HBB:c.316-185C>T) and IVS-II-16 G>C (HBB:c.315+16G>C). Each of the aforementioned mutations was found in (11/14; 78,57%) and (10/14; 71,43%) of our patients, respectively. Recently published HBB:c.9T>C mutation was found in 8 of 14 (57,14%) in our study group. IVSII-74 T>G (HBB:c.315+74T>G) is a worldwide mutation found in 6 of 14 (42.86%) of our patients. All these mutations occur among Croatian children with no obvious Indian/Near Eastern/Iranian ancestry. We also identified 7 de novo mutations (c.316-135het_dupT, c.316-133A>G, c.93-54G>A, c.316-68_316-67het_insCGG, c.316-342delA, c.316-312delT, c.316-209delT) of mild severity phenotype according to Mahidol classification score index. We did not find children or adults with thalassemia major severity phenotype.

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