Gastroenteropancreatic—origin neuroendocrine carcinomas: Three case reports with favorable responses following localized radiotherapy and a review of literature

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The radiotherapy (RT) responses of gastroenteropancreatic (GEP)-origin neuroendocrine tumors remain unclear. We report cases of favorable response after localized RT of GEP-origin neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs).

Patient concerns:

1. An 82-year-old male presented with a lower esophageal mass. Positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET-CT) scan showed a lower esophageal mass and gastrohepatic lymph nodes. 2. A 52-year-old female presented with abdominal discomfort. CT scan showed a 9.8 cm-sized enhancing mass in the lesser sac abutting the stomach, pancreas and liver. 3. A 54-year-old male patient presented with anal pain and bleeding. CT scan showed a remnant mass in the perirectal area after trans-anal excision.


The diagnoses of GEP-NECs were pathologically confirmed by biopsy or excision, and immunohistochemical stainings of Ki-67, CD56, synaptophysin and chromogranin-A.


1. The patient was treated with definitive RT. 2. The patient was treated with RT after two cycles of etoposide-cisplatin chemotherapy. 3. The patient was treated with adjuvant RT.


1. Complete remission was achieved based on CT scan four months after RT. 2. CT scan showed partial regression of the mass with a 5 cm-diameter at six months after RT. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered after RT. 3. The residual mass was almost completely regressed at CT scan four months after RT.


In cases of GEP-NECs, RT can be a useful treatment modality with favorable tumor response for patients with inoperable conditions or those suffering from bulky tumor masses.

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