Computed tomography imaging features of hepatic perivascular epithelioid cell tumor: A case report and literature review

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Abstract

Rationale:

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a rare tumor which is most frequently found in uterus. The tumor arising from liver is extremely uncommon.

Patient concerns:

A 36-year-old female with abdominal distention, cramps, and low-grade fever for over 15 days. The patient had a history of gastric adenocarcinoma with ovarian, celiac lymph nodes, and retroperitoneal lymph nodes metastases.

Diagnoses:

Computed tomography (CT) imaging demonstrated an ill-defined heterogeneous hypo-dense mass in segment 8 (S8) of the liver. Contrast-enhanced CT imaging showed marked enhancement in arterial phase, mild-to-moderate enhancement in portal and equilibrium phases. Tumor-feeding artery was demonstrated from the right hepatic artery by the three-dimensional reconstruction images. Biopsy was performed, and a diagnosis of PEComa was rendered.

Interventions:

No intervention for this tumor before liver biopsy.

Lessons:

We present a rare case of hepatic PEComa. The information we provided is useful for summarizing the CT features of this kind of tumors. It should be included in differential diagnoses from common hypervascular neoplasms of liver. The final diagnosis is established on histopathological and immunohistochemical studies that are the “gold standard.”

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