Ventricular Assist Device Self-Management Issues: The Patient and Caregiver Perspectives

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Abstract

Despite technological advancements, ventricular assist device (VAD) self-management (SM) remains complex. Using a descriptive mixed-method research, we examined the VAD care issues reported by nondyadic sample of 102 patients and 116 caregivers in the United States. Participants (mean age, 50.0 ± 13.1 years) were predominantly white (80%), female (59%), and married (77%). Quantitative and qualitative data revealed the patients/caregivers’ need for competency assessment and reassessment of VAD care after discharge. Competent home-care registered nurses (RNs) and on-going communications with VAD care team are needed in support for VAD SM.

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