Contemporary techniques and outcomes of robotic cystectomy and intracorporeal urinary diversions

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with intracorporeal urinary diversion (ICUD) is being increasingly performed worldwide. This review summarizes recent technical developments and outcome data for RARC with ICUD.

Recent findings

With the recent description of intracorporeal continent cutaneous diversion, all classes of urinary diversion can presently be performed totally intracorporeally. The summary of our seven cases of intracorporeal continent cutaneous diversion in this article brings the number of reported cases in the literature to 17. Additional recent advancements in ICUD focus on novel technical descriptions and outcome data. Several intracorporeal orthotopic ileal neobladder techniques have been described with intermediate perioperative outcomes. There is some rationale for reduced overall, wound, gastrointestinal and genitourinary complications with ICUD.

Summary

RARC with intracorporeal diversion is a feasible option for patients with bladder cancer. Prospective and randomized outcome data are needed to better characterize the benefit of ICUD in patients following radical cystectomy.

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