Which is the optimal threshold for defining functional lung in single-photon emission computed tomography lung perfusion imaging of lung cancer patients?

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to investigate the optimal threshold for the functional lung (FL) definition of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) lung perfusion imaging.

Patients and methods

Forty consecutive stage III non-small-cell lung cancer patients underwent SPECT lung perfusion scans and PET/CT scans for treatment planning, and the images were coregistered. Total lung and perfusion lung volumes corresponding to 10, 20, …, 60% of the maximum SPECT count were segmented automatically. The SPECT-weighted mean lung dose (SWMDx%) and the percentage of FL volume receiving more than 20 Gy (Fx%V20) of different thresholds were investigated using SPECT-weighted dose–volume histograms. Receiver–operator characteristic curves were used to identify SWMD and FV20 of different thresholds in predicting the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP).

Results

Eleven (27.5%) patients developed RP (grades 1, 2, 3, and 4 were 10.0, 7.5, 7.5, and 2.5%, respectively) after treatment. The largest area under the receiver–operator characteristic curve was 0.881 for the ability of SWMD to predict RP with 20% as the threshold and 0.928 for the ability of FV20 with 20% as the threshold.

Conclusion

The SWMD20% and FV20 of FL using 20% of the maximum SPECT count as the threshold may be better predictors for the risk of RP.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles