Association between the age-related decline in renal function and lumbar spine bone mineral density in healthy Chinese postmenopausal women
The relationship between the decline of renal function and bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy populations is not well-researched. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the age-related decline in renal function and lumbar spine BMD (LBMD) in a community-based cross-sectional study of 390 healthy postmenopausal women (mean age 62.97 ± 8.79 years) from Shenyang, China.Methods:
Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to measure LBMD. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using a modified Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation for Asians and the CKD-EPI serum creatinine-cystatin c equation. Pearson's correlation analysis and binary logistic regression were used to evaluate associations.Results:
The eGFR-ASIA and eGFR-Scys were positively correlated with LBMD (r = 0.120 and r = 0.108, respectively). After adjustments for numerous potential confounders, the odds ratio for participants with LBMD decline in eGFR-ASIA quartile 3 group and 4 group were 2.45 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.12-5.38, P < 0.05) and 3.89 (95% CI 1.55-9.76, P < 0.01), respectively, with P = 0.003 for the trend in eGFR-ASIA compared with the lowest quartile 1 group of eGFR-ASIA, where the odds ratio of eGFR-Scys for the quartile of 3 and 4 groups were 2.47 (95% CI 1.09-5.62, P < 0.05) and 2.63 (95% CI 1.10-6.29, P < 0.05), respectively, with P = 0.016 for the trend in eGFR-Scys compared with the lowest quartile 1 group of eGFR-Scys.Conclusions:
The renal function decline was independently associated with decreased LBMD, and it was possible that the age-related decline in kidney function was an independent risk factor for decreased LBMD in healthy Chinese postmenopausal women.